Cotton has been spun, woven, and dyed since prehistoric times. It clothed the people of ancient India, Egypt, and China. Hundreds of years before the Christian era, cotton textiles were woven in India with matchless skill, and their use spread to the Mediterranean countries.
This cotton seed pod was recently given to me. It is rather fascinating as the protective capsule (boll) around the seed is a soft fluffy fiber.
The seeds were really difficult to get out of the fiber.
The fiber feels just like spun cotton wool.
Cotton was used in the Old World at least 7,000 years ago (5th millennium BC). Evidence of cotton use has been found at the site of Mehrgarh, where early cotton threads have been preserved in copper beads. Cotton cultivation became more widespread during the Indus Valley Civilization, which covered parts of modern eastern Pakistan and northwestern India. The Indus cotton industry was well developed and some methods used in cotton spinning and fabrication continued to be used until the industrialization of India Between 2000 and 1000 BC cotton became widespread across much of India For example, it has been found at the site of Hallus in Karnataka dating from around 1000 BC.
Genetically modified (GM) cotton was developed to reduce the heavy reliance on pesticides.
In many regions, the main pests in commercial cotton are Butterfly (lepidopteran) larvae, which are killed by the Bt protein in the transgenic cotton they eat.
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